Anindilyakwa is a Gunwinyguan language spoken in eastern Arnhem Land (Northern Territory), on the Groote Eylandt archipelago (43 kms east of the Arnhem Land coast). It is a vibrant language, being one of the few Australian languages still being acquired by children, and spoken by over 1,600 people (Marmion et al. 2014: 16).
Typologically, Anindilyakwa has been noted for its polysynthetic structure and morphological complexity. It is a head-marking language, that demonstrates an intricate noun-classifying system, an obligatory system for cross-referencing and agreement on nominals and verbs, demonstrates productive nominal incorporation, and employs various argument-changing affixes within the verbal template (Bednall 2020: 6-7).
Anindilyakwa has received a reasonable amount of documentation and description. Below is a list of key linguistic research that has been undertaken over the last century: